Diabetes is an important disease with an every day
increasing prelevance. Diabetes patients experience psychological
problems as well as physical problems which may negatively
influence treatment process. If the psychological distress level of
patients and related factors were determined, more healthy
physical treatments could be carried out. For this reason, the aim
of this study was to assess anxiety, depression and psychological
distress (total score of anxiety+depression) and the related factors
(i.e., ways of coping, perceived social support, self efficiency in
relation to diabetes, expressed emotions, and loss of resources)
among patients with Type 2 diabetes in the light of the scope of
Conservation of Resources theory.
Patients and Methods: Sociodemographic and Illness
Information form and also six different scales about psychological
distress and related factors were administered to 116 diabetes
patients. To investigate the relationship between the variables the
independent samples t test, regression and correlation analysis
Results: It was found that nearly half of the diabetes patients
exprienced high levels of anxiety and depression. More
importantly, it was observed that helplessness coping and resource
loss were positively related to all psychological problems.
However, optimistic coping was negatively associated with such
psychological problems. In addition, it was indicated that increased
emotional over-involvement domain of expressed emotion was
only associated with decrease in general psychological distress.
Conclusion: It was found that resource loss, coping strategies
and expressed emotions were found to be related to psychological
distress. It was suggested that psychological intervention programs
should focus on issues identified in this study.