2014, Cilt 27, Sayı 3, Sayfa(lar) 199-206
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An investigation of psychological distress among patients with Type 2 diabetes considered in the light of the scope of Conservation of Resources theory
Ezgi GÖÇEK YORULMAZ1, Gülay DİRİK2
1İzmir 2 nolu F tipi Yüksek Güvenlikli Ceza İnfaz Kurumu, İzmir, Türkiye
2Psikoloji Bölümü, Edebiyat Fakültesi, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Tınaztepe Kampüsü, Buca, İzmir, Türkiye
Anahtar Kelimeler: Type 2 diabetes, Depression, Anxiety
Özet
Objectives: Diabetes is an important disease with an every day increasing prelevance. Diabetes patients experience psychological problems as well as physical problems which may negatively influence treatment process. If the psychological distress level of patients and related factors were determined, more healthy physical treatments could be carried out. For this reason, the aim of this study was to assess anxiety, depression and psychological distress (total score of anxiety+depression) and the related factors (i.e., ways of coping, perceived social support, self efficiency in relation to diabetes, expressed emotions, and loss of resources) among patients with Type 2 diabetes in the light of the scope of Conservation of Resources theory.

Patients and Methods: Sociodemographic and Illness Information form and also six different scales about psychological distress and related factors were administered to 116 diabetes patients. To investigate the relationship between the variables the independent samples t test, regression and correlation analysis were performed.

Results: It was found that nearly half of the diabetes patients exprienced high levels of anxiety and depression. More importantly, it was observed that helplessness coping and resource loss were positively related to all psychological problems. However, optimistic coping was negatively associated with such psychological problems. In addition, it was indicated that increased emotional over-involvement domain of expressed emotion was only associated with decrease in general psychological distress.

Conclusion: It was found that resource loss, coping strategies and expressed emotions were found to be related to psychological distress. It was suggested that psychological intervention programs should focus on issues identified in this study.

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